Deradicalisation As a Way of Tackling Future Terrorism: Indonesian Experience
Keywords:Radicalism, soft approach, hard approach, deradicalism program
Radicalism in the perspective of the National Counterterrorism Agency (BNPT) is not only a radical view but also in the form of all forms of intolerant attitudes and behavior, rejecting Pancasila, takfiri, and khilafah. Indonesia through the BNPT has responded to the emergence of the phenomenon of radicalism and terrorism in Indonesia. In the international world, Indonesia itself even claims itself as a victim of terrorism. In the deradicalism program, there are two approaches applied by BNPT, namely the hard and soft approach. A hard approach is applied to those who have been involved in radical acts and violence, and terrorists. This hard approach usually takes the form of law enforcement and security. The soft approach is applied to the general public as well as terrorist prisoners and their families, former terrorist prisoners and their families, and terrorism networks.