STATE-DEFENSE IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE QUR'AN (REINTERPRETATION OF JIHADI VERSES WITH MA'NA CUM MAGHZA APPROACH)
Keywords:Defend the State, Jihad, Ma'na Cum Maghza
There are so many Qur’anic arguments about jihad that are used by radicals as a reference for the corroboration of the acts of violence they commit. So, the verses about jihad are often misinterpreted as a destructive war. Whereas, in the context of state life, the verse in the Qur'an has orders to defend the country defensively, if there is a threat to the country. The dynamics of the interpretation of the jihad verse and its relevance to defending the state are still a problem in the current era because the interpretation of the verses about jihad and defending the state is still rigid and destructive. Therefore, in this study, we will use a qualitative descriptive method with a library method that examines verses about jihad and their contextualization with the concept of defending the state in which the interpretation of these verses uses the Ma'na Cum Maghza approach. This Ma'na Cum Maghza approach aims to find meaning that is applied to the contemporary context that refers to its significance. In this context, jihad is still valid when the state is disturbed, but when the state is not in danger, there is no need to enforce jihad. Because al-qital and aljihad have different meanings, both in terms of understanding, object, means, and purpose. Jihad without a mature understanding will bring harm to innocent people. In addition, jihad has a mandatory law to defend the state in the contemporary context to safeguard the public good.