The Study of Indirect and Not Literal Speech Acts in the Qur’an
Keywords:pragmatics, speech acts, Qur’an, politeness
The field of “pragmatics” in linguistics has recently begun to receive the attention of researchers and linguists in Indonesia. This field tends to study the function of speech or language function rather than its form or structure. In other words, pragmatics leans more towards functionalism than towards formalism. Pragmatics studies the meaning of language units externally. Pragmatics is a general study of how context influences speech participants in interpreting sentences or examining meaning in relation to speech situations. By understanding pragmatic principles for both speakers and speakers, listeners or speech partners are expected to be able to use language in everyday conversation. With the hope, the sentences used are more effective in other words can hit the desired target. The research method used is qualitative research. With this type of literature study research. The author collects data from the Qur'an, journals and articles related to this research. Speech acts in the Qur'an have gone beyond the direct form but have indirect meaning, so that what is said verbally is different from what the speaker intends to convey, so that the speech acts were chosen by the apostles to achieve the goal of their da'wah. Cases like this are also related to the language style of the Qur'an, where for the sake of maintaining politeness, many speech acts come out of their original meaning because they aim to refine the sentence structure.